International Mother Language Day 

Every nation has some achievements that they can take pride in. Our language day is our national event and achievement. But the matter of pride for us is that this national event has con national boundary and become universalized. The International Mother Language Day is the recognition of our language movement and the heroic sacrifices of the language martyrs by the international community. Now, after the recognition, our language day is observed globally as International Mother Language Day. 

February 21st is observed as the language day. This day is the culmination of a series of protests and events that took place between 1948 and 1952. After the independence of Pakistan, the ruling authority of West Pakistan recognized Urdu as the state language of Pakistan in 1948 and in imposing it on the Bangla-speaking majority people. Not only that they also denied the demand of the Bangalis for the recognition of Bangla as the state language. In 1952 protests erupted throughout East Pakistan against the imposition of Urdu and forth recognition of Bangla as the state language of Pakistan. The ruling authority imposed section 1 all over the country as the protest grew stronger. However, when students, politicians, and general masses brought out a procession in the Dhaka University area defying section 144, the police charged fire on the procession. As a result, Rafiq, Jabbar, Salam, Barkat, Shafiq met martyrdom. Finally, Bangla was recognized as the state language. Since then, the day is observed throughout the country with solemnity and due homage. 

On 17 November 1999, UNESCO, a specialized organization of the United Nations (UN) recognized our language movement and sacrifices of the Martyrs. They declared that UNESCO would observe the day internationally. Since 2000, International Mother Language Day is being observed all over the world. The recognition by UNESCO and the observance of the day by the international community has increased our national glory and uplisted the sacrifices of our language martyrs. Through UNESCO recognition, our language day has got international status.

The recognition of our language day and the proclamation of the observance of the day internationally is very significant. UNESCO’s recognition is not simply a recognition of our language movement, but it recognizes that it is the birthright of every nation or race to speak in their own language. The proclamation also said that this recognition would help to preserve all the languages of the world, and that diversity of languages is important to maintain cultural identity and distinction. 

Since 1952, the 21st of February is observed as the language day in our country. We remember our martyrs, their sacrifices, and pay homage to the heroic souls who laid down their lives for the cause of our mother tongue. We have erected monuments (known as Shahid Minar) in remembrance of them and on 21 February we offer flower wreaths and stand silent in honor of them. 

However, the importance of 21st February and its observance lies elsewhere. It is a sows the seed of our liberation war. And importantly, the language movement teaches us that we have to rise for achieving our rights, for establishing our place of honor and dignity in the world. It teaches us not to bow down to any oppression. It also inspires us to sacrifice our most treasured thing for the sake of the country. So the importance of International Mother Language Day is very significant. 

We are the only nation of the world to sacrifice lives for the mother tongue. International Mother Language Day is a glorious recognition of our history and our achievement. International mother language Day highlights the importance of linguistic identity and variety. We are really proud that we have achieved something that has got global acceptance.

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